Earlier, the Himalayan Mountain ranges and the Passes used to be the important trade routes of the South-Asian countries. These Himalayan Mountain Passes were the only option by which most of the Indian subcontinent along with Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, China and Pakistan were connected to the rest of the world. In India these passes were use to trade spices, silk and other goods.
As of now, these passes plays an important role in Military operations, so that Indian Army use such passes to deliver the food, fuel and ammunition to other base of army area. On the other hand these mountain passes also plays an important role in tourism industry. Nowadays, travelers are going to destinations like Leh Ladakh, High Mountain areas in Uttrakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh requires to cross the high mountain passes.
Ladakh (In Tibetan : ལ་དྭགས་), is a word in tibetan, which means “land of high passes“. That’s why in Ladakh there are many high altitude mountain passes. Ladakh is a region which is in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and located between the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges. On the other hand, Leh district is the place which is second largest district in India. In fact, Leh is covering half of the state of Jammu and Kashmir as well.
Some of the top most important passes in Ladakh region are detailed here. You can find complete details about the altitude and location for each one.